Kidney Pain

Learn about kidney pain.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are a painful urologic disorder, and also are one of the most common urinary tract disorders. A kidney stone develops as a hard mass, coming from crystals in the urinary tract which have separated from the urine. Unless the crystals develop to be large enough, they will typically otherwise pass out of the body unnoticed.

Symptoms

Kidney stones can often give no noticeable symptoms for some time. The initial symptom commonly felt by a patient is severe pain that suddenly comes when there is movement by a stone within the urinary tract, blocking the urine flow. While symptoms may vary, some potential ones may include:

Blood in urine (hematuria - pink color)
Burning feeling in urination (dysuria - may point to an infection)
Chills / Fever (possible signs of infection)
Nausea
Pain (back, lower abdomen, side nearby kidney, groin)
Vomiting

Causes

Some possible underlying medical conditions or other factors leading to kidney stones may include:

Crohn's disease
Dent's disease
Hyperparathyroidism
Medullary sponge kidney
Metabolic conditions
Renal tubular acidosis
Water fluoridation


Diagnosis and Treatment

Kidney stones which are not causing symptoms may simply be found when x-rays are taken during a patient's general exam. They may also be noticed in ultrasounds. Diagnostic tests of the blood and urine may be useful in detecting abnormal substances that can lead to the formation of kidney stones. Diagnosis of kidney stones is made by a doctor or medical professional.

While treatment may vary based upon the condition, the patient, and other factors, some common treatments include:

Avoiding certain antacids with calcium bases
Avoiding food containing vitamin D additives
Drinking more liquids
Surgery (rare)
Therapy