Kidney Pain

Learn about kidney pain.

Renal cell carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma is a type of kidney cancer, and in adults is the most frequently-noted form, making up roughly 80 percent of all cases of cancer of kidneys. For short, it is sometimes referred to as RCC.

Symptoms

Numerous symptoms can appear in a patient who has renal cell carcinoma. Some that may show up are mentioned on this page. Keep in mind that at the beginning of the cancer, there may be no symptoms. If and when they do occur, one possibility is that the color of the patient's urine may be unusual, due to the presence of blood in it. The color may become brownish, dark, etc. Anemia may be present. High blood pressure can affect the individual. Night sweats might also occur.

An enlargement of one testicle may take place, and this usually affects the left one. Pallor, which is a paleness of the skin, might affect the patient. The level of calcium in the blood can be high -- this condition is known as hypercalcemia. Swelling can occur in the ankles and legs. There may be fevers that reappear. Weight loss is another possibility.

Risk factors

There are several known risk factors, but one of the major ones is cigarette smoking. Another main factor is obesity. Aside from these, high blood pressure is also associated with the disease. Hysterectomy has been connected to roughly a two-fold incidence of developing renal cell carcinoma. Genetics seems to have some involvement as well, as there is a higher rate in those who come from a family that has a history of this particular cancer.


Diagnosis

A medical professional, such as a doctor, is involved in diagnosing a case of renal cell carcinoma. The medical signs and symptoms may be looked into, however, since the condition generally begins without showing any symptoms this may not be efficient in detecting cases that are just starting. The patient's medical history is also looked into. Physical examination is another diagnostic method. The major method used to detect this cancer is a kidney ultrasound. Should something suspicious be found, then a CAT scan of the abdomen may be employed.

Treatment

The type of treatment varies from one case to another, and should be decided based upon advice my a professional, not the generic details displayed at this website. If the cancer is still found only within the kidneys, then it can be cured in approximately 90 percent of such cases with surgical treatment. In cases of metastasis to areas outside of the kidney, then additional treatment is required.